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Ankylosing Spondylitis: Understanding the Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Jack Henry

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disease that primarily affects the spine, causing pain, stiffness, and limited mobility. It belongs to a group of rheumatic diseases known as spondyloarthritis, characterized by inflammation of the spine and sacroiliac joints. The exact cause of AS is still unknown, but genetic and environmental factors are believed to contribute to its development. Common symptoms include chronic pain and stiffness, limited mobility, fatigue, and joint pain and swelling. Diagnosis can be challenging due to overlapping symptoms with other conditions, but a combination of medical history, physical examination, imaging tests, and blood tests can aid in the diagnosis. While there is no cure for AS, treatment options focus on managing symptoms and improving quality of life. These include medication, physical therapy, posture and body mechanics, surgery (in severe cases), and lifestyle modifications. Regular monitoring and support from healthcare professionals can help individuals with AS effectively manage their condition and lead fulfilling lives.


Ankylosing spondylitis; Chronic inflammatory disease; Spine; Sacroiliac joints; Spondyloarthritis