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Understanding Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Approaches

Akesh Tandy

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a chronic autoimmune disorder that primarily affects children and adolescents. This article provides an overview of JIA, including its symptoms, causes, and treatment approaches. JIA is characterized by persistent joint inflammation, leading to joint pain, swelling, and limited mobility. The exact cause of JIA is unknown but is believed to involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Treatment approaches for JIA aim to alleviate symptoms, reduce inflammation, and prevent joint damage. These approaches may include medications such as nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), and biologic drugs. Physical and occupational therapy, regular exercise, and lifestyle modifications also play a crucial role in managing JIA. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment can greatly improve the quality of life for children and adolescents living with JIA. Ongoing research aims to further our understanding of the disease and develop more effective treatment strategies in the future.


Juvenile idiopathic arthritis; Limited mobility; Genetic factors; Environmental factors; Medication