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Understanding Musculoskeletal Disorders: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Naliniprabha Nayak

Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) encompass a wide range of conditions affecting the bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments, and supporting structures of the body. This article provides an overview of the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for MSDs. The causes of these disorders include injuries, overuse and repetitive strain, agerelated degeneration, and genetic factors. Common MSDs discussed include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, back pain, carpal tunnel syndrome, and tendinitis. The symptoms associated with each condition vary but often include pain, stiffness, swelling, and reduced mobility. Treatment options for MSDs encompass medication, physical therapy, assistive devices, lifestyle modifications, and, in some cases, surgery. Understanding and addressing MSDs early on can lead to improved management, pain relief, and enhanced quality of life for individuals affected by these conditions.


Musculoskeletal disorders; Symptoms; Treatment options, Injuries; Overuse